& Gupta, B.K. – longstamen rice P: Species Oryza … Some cultures in West Africa, such as the Jola of southern Senegal grow African rice to be used in traditional ceremonies and rituals. (2006). Table I. Formulation lotion Materials Formulations F0 F1 F2 F3 Red rice extracts - 2.5 g 2.5 … Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. The Millennium Seed Bank Partnership aims to save plants worldwide, focusing on those plants which are under threat and those which are of most use in the future. Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/, Kew Backbone Distributions Introduction. West Himalaya, GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. (2006). This species is closely related to Oryza barthi and Oryza longistaminata[1040. Box 30148 – 00100, Nairobi, Kenya; … Flora of China : Online version from Harvard University World Grass Species-Descriptions : Morphological species description from Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew African rice also has many medicinal benefits: for example, in the Central African Republic the root is eaten raw as a remedy for diarrhoea. Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Details and images of some of these specimens can be seen online in Kew's Herbarium Catalogue. Oryza glaberrima (2n = 24, AA) is a cultivated rice species that originated in Africa having evolved from the wild species O. barthii A. Chev. These are … production in sub‐Saharan Africa.Oryza glaberrima Steud., the cultivated rice species that originated from West Africa, is well‐adapted to its growing ecologies. African Rice (Oryza glaberrimaSteud. Food. (eds.) Annual. This plant has no children Legal Status. Guinea, Jones, M. (1991). Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. References . Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ Steud. Oryza glaberrima Steud. Oryza glaberrima  is thought to have been domesticated from its wild ancestor  Oryza barthii  around 1,500 BC in the inland delta of the Niger River. Classification became crucial in the 18 th century as a means of organising the huge influx of unfamiliar plants, goods and … 2, 3(2): 277-574. is a cereal crop species closely related to Asian rice (Oryza sativa L.) but was independently domesticated in West Africa ∼3,000 years ago. ORYZA glaberrima (Steud.) Burkina, 1: 3 1853. It is now rarely sold in West African markets, having been replaced by Asian strains. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. Flash flooding resistance of rice genotypes of Oryza sativa L., O. glaberrima Steud., and Interspecific hybridization progeny May 2008 Environmental and Experimental Botany 63(1-3):9-18 accessions cultivated under iron toxicity Tawelsi Mayaba1,2, Nerbéwendé Sawadogo1*, Mahamadi Hamed Ouédraogo1, Boureima Sawadogo1, Mawulé Aziadekey2, Moussa … Interpreting Wetland Status. There are only two species of cultivated rice in the world: Asian rice (Oryza sativa) and African rice (Oryza glaberrima). African rice was introduced to the New World during the days of the slave trade and today is cultivated in parts of Brazil, Guyana, El Salvador and Panama. Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. The most intensive areas of cultivation of African rice are the floodplains of northern Nigeria, the inland delta of the Niger River, parts of Sierra Leone and Ghana. Unlike Oryza sativa, which was introduced to East Africa from Asia probably around the first century AD and reached West Africa sometime between the ninth and sixteenth centuries (Ng et al., 1991), the African cultivated rice species, Oryza glaberrima Steud evolved in West Africa. Usually named African rice, red rice or rice of Casamance, Oryza glaberrima Steud is the main and the only cultivated rice among the whole African rice species. Today  Oryza barthii  can be found growing wild in parts of Africa. Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Check other web resources for Oryza glaberrima Steud. – African rice P: Species Oryza latifolia Desv. • TOG 6226 • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • Ivory Coast + Add to my list CIV033 • Africa Rice Center , Ivory Coast • DOI: 10.18730/H8D8G Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis. Togo, China South-Central, It is also used in a ritualistic context and as a treatment in African traditional medicine. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé. Oryza glaberrima Steud. ." Oryza glaberrima is the African cultivated rice species, domesticated from its wild ancestor by farmers living in Inland Delta of Niger River. Maisons Alfort: Institut d'élevage et de médecine vétérinaire des pays tropicaux. It has a self-supporting growth form. (eds.) Please enter the date on which you consulted the system. Pl. … accessions conserved at the AfricaRice genebank using 27,560 DArTseq-based SNPs. and Williamson, H. (2006 onwards). 2018; Choi et al. The spikelets are about 8 mm long and remain on the plant when mature. The Millennium Seed Bank and the Global Crop Diversity Trust are engaged in a ten-year project, called 'Adapting Agriculture to Climate Change'. (ed.) – Barth's rice P: Species Oryza glaberrima Steud. Kandwal, M.K. Énumération des plantes vasculaires du Sénégal: 1-209. It was first domesticated and grown in West Africa around 3,000 years ago. Pressed and dried specimens ofAfrican rice are held in Kew's Herbarium, where they are available to researchers by appointment. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0, Herbarium Catalogue Specimens (Second, 1982). 2019).Its domestication took place in the inner delta of the Niger river (Cubry et al. Since the yield level of O. glaberrima is regarded as generally low compared to that of O. sativa due to grain shattering … Synopsis Plantarum Glumacearum. Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. The flower contains two lance-shaped (lanceolate) lodicules (small structures at the base of the stamens). Oryza glaberrima Steud. Oryza glaberrima in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora. Oryza glaberrima, commonly known as African rice, is one of the two domesticated rice species. The project aims to protect, collect and prepare the wild relatives of 29 key food crops, including African rice, so that they are available to pre-breeders for the development of new varieties that are more resilient to the effects of climate change. No differences in phyllochron were observed among culms, but leaves on tillers … Hainan, Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. is focused on Oryza sativa and limited work is done to identify variation in other related species (Menguer et al. Oryza glaberrima var. African rice (Oryza glaberrima Steud.) Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (2008). Aké Assi, L. (2002). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Cameroon, 2017). African rice is a staple food which can be prepared in similar ways to Asian rice ( Oryza sativa ). Oryza sativa is a major and important crop of Asia, especially southern, eastern, and South-East Asia, and also important in Southern Europe, like France, and the Americas, while Oryza glaberrima is distributed as a semi-upland (non irrigated largely, but, irrigated partially, as well) land type found in high rainfall areas. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0, © Copyright Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, IPNI - The International Plant Names Index. was introduced to the Americas during the slave trade years and grown by enslaved Africans for decades before mechanical milling devices facilitated the shift towards Asian rice … Terminal (leaf) node. A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Oryza (family Poaceae). Once seeds have been collected they are dried, packaged and stored at -20°C in Kew's Millennium Seed Bank vault. Oryza glaberrima var. Lebrun, J.P. (1973). It is known for its hardiness and its ability to compete with weeds, pests, infertile soils and human neglect. Stuttgartiae 1:3. Each flower has six anthers and two stigmas. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento. Oryza glaberrima Steud. African rice is rarely grown outside sub-Saharan Africa but is of global interest because of its tolerance to abiotic st … African rice is native to West Africa, where it is cultivated as a foodcrop. Genus Oryza L. – rice P : Contains 7 Species and 3 accepted taxa overall : Down one level : Species Oryza barthii A. Chev. Mali, Broken grains are used to feed chicken and other livestock. Onana, J.M. 1997). Fruits: The fruit is a caryopsis (a dry fruit where the fruit wall is attached to the seed). Oryza glaberrima: Taxonomy navigation › Oryza. The fertile spikelets comprise two sterile florets at the base and one fertile floret. & Diniz, M.A. Here, we studied the genetic variation and population structure of 2,179 Oryza glaberrima Steud. (eds.) Lebrun, J.P., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. grown in pots without competition among plants. 2016; Cubry et al. The Plant List includes a further 71 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the genus Oryza.We do not intend The Plant List to be complete for names of infraspecific rank. Homonyms Oryza glaberrima Steud. The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517. Africa, W. Kew Species Profiles Overveiw:   Oryza glaberrima  is an annual with erect stems up to 90-150 cm long. The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux. & Raven, P.H. Wu, Z. However, increasingly African rice is being replaced by the introduced Asian varieties of Oryza sativa, which produce a higher yield than African rice, shatter less easily and have a softer grain that is easier to mill. Common name i: African rice: Synonym i-Other names i ›Oryza glaberrima Steud. Keywords: Oryza glaberrima, callus induction, plantlet regeneration, shoot proliferation, 2, 4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, 6-benzylaminopurine. African rice is native to West Africa, where it is cultivated as a foodcrop. Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. Africa to Chad Accession Data: Accession # 201500064 Source: Rob Nicholson - Smith College Provenance: ex USDA PI#369447 Accession Date: 05-29-2015 Bench: 3116 - EVO: Propagation - Mist Currently: active - … Oryza glaberrima Steud.. Common Name: African Rice Family: Poaceae Barnh. Guinea-Bissau, Details; Images (3) References (4) Subordinate Taxa; Specimens; Distributions (6) Chromosome Counts (3) Group: Monocot Rank: species Kind: Name of a new Taxon Herbarium Placement: Lehmann, lower, A, 19 Authors: Steudel, Ernst Gottlieb von. is a form of cultivated rice that was domesticated in the Niger River delta ∼3500 years ago (V iguier 1939) and is widely grown in West Africa today.Germplasm collections of O. glaberrima at the West Africa Rice Development Association (WARDA), the International Institute for … GTZ, Eschborn. subaristata Roshev. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort. Genus: Oryza L. Oryza glaberrima Steud. Benin, Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. overview; data; media; articles; maps; names "ARS Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory. The Plant List includes 95 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus Oryza.Of these 19 are accepted species names. Culms erect, spongy, up to 1 m tall. It yields less than O. sativa due to grain shattering longiglumis Chev. Leaf sheaths glabrous, leaf blades up to 30 × 1–1.5 cm, glabrous, margins scabrid; ligule 3–5 mm. plants Review Advances in Molecular Genetics and Genomics of African Rice (Oryza glaberrima Steud) Peterson W. Wambugu 1, Marie-Noelle Ndjiondjop 2 and Robert Henry 3,* 1 Kenya Agricultural and Livestock Research Organization, Genetic Resources Research Institute, P.O.
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