There was four main classes that consisted of Brahmins which were priests and the king, Kshatriyas which were warriors and aristocrats (rulers), Vaishyas which were artisans and merchants, and finally Shudras which were peasants and serfs. You were born into a class and that class could not change. and find homework help … This unit on the civilizations of Ancient India is aligned to middle school common core Language Arts History standards. The largest city in Mohenjo-Daro, present day Pakistan, with settlements stretched across the river. Cities are the symbols of the Indus Valley civilization characterized by the density of population, close integration between economic and social processes, tech-economic developments, careful planning for expansion and promotion of trade and commerce, providing opportunities and scope of work to artisans and craftsmen etc. Just like the Sumer civilization of Mesopotamia and the Egyptian civilization, the government of the Indus Valley was ruled by religion; The Indus government was well organized. During the Harappan period, Hinduism found its roots in the Indus River Valley region. The main social classes of the Indus River Valley Civilization are the Gods, Brahmins (priests and academics), Kshatryia (warriors and kings), Vaishya (merchants and landowners), Sudra (commoners,peasants, and servants), and then the Untouchables (the outcasts of … The Aryans (Indo-Europeans) were a hunting and herding people from Central Asia who settled in the Indian subcontinent approximately 500 years after the fall of the Indus River civilization. The social and economic life of the people of Indus Valley Civilization (Harappan Civilization) was systematic and organised.. On examination of the skulls and bones discovered during excavation it is said that the people were either Dravidians or a branch of Indo-Aryans. Because of this lack of social classes the City-States or country of the Indus River Valley Civilization (it is unknown whether it was unified or separate) is referred to as a Chiefdom as opposed to a kingdom or an empire. Yellow River Civilization. The Indus Valley Civilization (also known as the Harappan Civilization) was a Bronze Age society extending from modern northeast Afghanistan to Pakistan and northwest India. In this article we will discuss about the food, social Dress, ornaments, house hold articles, amusements, trade, social class and structure, religion and funerary customs of the people of Indus Valley Civilization. Its two large cities, Harappa and Mohenjo-daro, were located in present-day Pakistan’s Punjab and Sindh provinces, respectively. The Indus Valley religion was widespread, and many of the basic tenets have found their way into modern day religions. The belief of were the social classes were originated was from the varnas. Around 4000 B.C the Yellow (Hueng He) River valley Civilization began in China. people live in cities and have complex social institutions, use some form of writing, and are ... the Indus River Valley. There were four classes in this caste social system. Kshatriyas: warriors and aristocrats. We may think of families worshipping in a mosque, a young woman p… The Indus River Valley Civilization is a Theocracy government and a Theocracy is run by a priest so there government and religion were combined. Many of the ethnic groups and cultures began in this era in China. Vaishyas: cultivator, artisans, and merchants. The caste system was mainly composed of four classes: Brahmins: priest and the kings. Please write in your own words. With the development of state organized society, the people of the Indus river valley shifted from a social structure characterized by egalitarianism to one of social ranking Whereas the Egyptians used monumental architecture to glorify their pharaohs and the Assyrians used it to highlight the military prowess of their kings, the architecture of the Harappan indicates As we study the origins of this faith, most of us will need to shift our paradigms about the concept of religion. Inhabitants of the ancient Indus River valley … Indus River system is one of the largest rivers in Asia; Indus River dominated by Western Tibetan Plateau; Harappan civilization developed along Indus River; Harappan civilization thrived from 2300-1700 BCE; 3000 BC earliest civilization settles in Indus Valley; 3000 BC farming began in Northwest India; 2500 BC toys made of baked clay Shudras: peasants and servants. Sudras-servants and workers. In the Indus River Valley Civilization the main social classes were: the Gods, Brahmins (priests and academics), Kshatryia (warriors and kings), Vaishya (merchants and landowners), Sudra (commoners, peasants, and servants), and the Untouchables (the outcasts of the Caste system). Occupations/ Division of Labor The main social classes of the Indus River Valley Civilization are the Gods, Brahmins (priests and academics), Kshatryia (warriors and kings), Vaishya (merchants and landowners), Sudra (commoners,peasants, and servants), and then the Untouchables (the outcasts of the Caste system… To many of us, religion looks like a family going to church on Sunday or an elderly woman going to mass on Saturday night. There would have been skilled artisans and craftsmen, builders, carpenters, metalworkers, leather workers, weavers, and of course potters, much beautiful pottery has been discovered in the Indus Valley. The ruins and various evidence of Harappa and Mahenjo-daro reveal a great deal about social and economic life of the people of Indus valley. The Indus River Valley Civilization had a caste social system in which people were born into a particular social class that they were unable to change. Everyone did the jobs designated for them, followed the rules made to keep everything in order. NAME _____ HIST 171 – September 2, 2020 Indus River Valley Civilization Please submit your answers in the text box provided in the Assignment section. The Indus Valley Civilization started around 2500 B.C.E. It covers Geography, Religion, Achievements, Politics, Economics, and Social Structure. Furthermore the egalitarian nature of the Indus River Valley Civilization is additional evidence to the absence of social classes; some historians even suggest that it is possible that all the grain was … The civilization developed in three phases: Early Harappan Phase (3300 BCE-2600 BCE), Mature Harappan Phase (2600 BCE-1900 BCE), and Late Harappan Phase (1900 BCE-1300 BCE). In the Indus Valley Civilization, the society was separated into three distinct groups. It was a variety of different levels displaying social class and status. The Harappan civilization was located in the Indus River valley. The classes were: Brahmins- priests. The government in the Indus Valley was a monarchy; A monarchy is a: F orm of government in which supreme authority is vested in a single and usually hereditary figure, such as a king ; The Indus Valley people called their kings, rajas. There were several groups of native people in the Indus River Civilization, the most famous civilization is the Harappan Civilization. Ancient China The Huang He River Valley Civilizations Zhou Dynasty. Other Characteristics of the Indus River Valley Civilization The Harappans are credited with having an elaborate sewer and sanitation system. The Indus Valley Civilization was a cultural and political entity which flourished in the northern region of the Indian subcontinent between c. 7000 - c. 600 BCE. Indus Valley Civilization was the largest among the four ancient civilizations of the world. The caste system kept the Indus River Valley organized and working smoothly. The Indus River civilization developed about 3000BCE and flourished for about 1500 years before mysteriously going into a period of decline. Vaisyas- craftspeople, traders, and farmers. The sanitary system and also the drainage system speaks of their cleanliness and public hygiene The caste system was a major impact on the class structure within Indus River Valley civilization. Which was the start of the many Chinese Empires. Indus Valley Social Structure. In terms … Kshatriyas- warriors and rulers. The Indus River Valley having a social structure, the caste system, helped them by letting everyone know their place. Administration in Indus Valley Civilization. Its extent reached as far south as the Gulf of Khambhat and as far east as the Yamuna (Jumna) River. Social Structure (Jordyn) The Indus River Valley Civilization used a Caste system of division. The idea of karma was to be a good person and do … Social Classes/Family Structure/Daily Life. This can be done by cutting and pasting from a Word document or by typing directly into the text box. Get an answer for 'What was the political structure of the Indus Valley Civilization? the first. Did they have a king or some sort of democracy?' Social Status and Gender Roles - Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa Civilization. group ruled and administered the city, the second group included the merchants who were associated with trade and other business activities within the city. The social structure was a caste system. In the Indus River Valley karma played a very big role in their laws. ... •Influenced modern social structure and religion of India. … Indus valley farmers grew wheat, barley, rice, mustard, sesame, dates, melons and cotton and they raised cattle, water buffaloes, sheep and pigs. Each person knew their role in society. This history, in which a vast area populated by diverse ethnic groups became, over time, a more or less single culture, began in the Yellow River Valley. Deriving from the ancient cultures of South Asia, Hinduism is the religious faith held by a majority of the people on the Indian subcontinent. Do not simply paraphrase or quote the text. The Indus Valley Civilizations of ancient India culture were named as such because they all began along, or near, the Indus River. The Indus Valley Civilisation (IVC) was a Bronze Age civilisation in the northwestern regions of South Asia, lasting from 3300 BCE to 1300 BCE, and in its mature form from 2600 BCE to 1900 BCE. Archaeologists have not yet deciphered the writing of the Indus River Valley civilization, so their form of government, their religious beliefs, and the social structure of their society remain a mystery. Stonework found by architects has shown …
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